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EngineerLevel 6
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    1. You can try this links and download the files for water tank design


      The above link covered below topics

      Design of tension and compression members – Tanks, pipes and poles – Partial prestressing – Definition, methods of achieving partial prestressing, merits and demerits of partial prestressing.

      Also for Environmental septic tank design try this link


      The above link covered below topics

      Public water supply system -Planning – Objectives -Design period – Population forecasting -Water demand -Sources of water and their characteristics -Surface and Groundwater- Impounding Reservoir Well hydraulics -Development and selection of source – Water quality – Characterization and standards- Impact of climate change.
      Water supply -intake structures -Functions and drawings -Pipes and conduits for water- Pipe materials – Hydraulics of flow in pipes -Transmission main design -Laying, jointing and testing of pipes – Drawings appurtenances – Types and capacity of pumps -Selection of pumps and pipe materials.
      Objectives – Unit operations and processes – Principles, functions design and drawing of Chemical feeding, Flash mixers, flocculators, sedimentation tanks and sand filters – Disinfection- Residue Management – Construction and Operation & Maintenance aspects of Water Treatment Plants.
      Principles and functions of Aeration – Iron and manganese removal, Defluoridation and demineralization -Water softening – Desalination – Membrane Systems – Recent advances.
      Requirements of water distribution -Components -Service reservoirs -Functions and drawings -Network design -Economics -Computer applications -Analysis of distribution networks -Appurtenances -operation and maintenance -Leak detection, Methods. Principles of design of water supply in buildings -House service connection -Fixtures and fittings -Systems of plumbing and drawings of types of plumbing.
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    2. This answer was edited.

      There are 5 things you can do after completing your graduation in engineering

      1. Job after graduation (B.Tech)

      Most of the engineering graduate student opts for job after completion of their course. Job opportunities are excellent after engineering. Engineering colleges also offer campus placement for their students. It is better to get job in a company through campus placements as it is difficult to get job after you are out of the college. So, try to grab the job during campus placement.

      2. Doing higher studies in Engineering (MTech/MS)

      If you could not get good job after college, then you can always go for higher education and increase your chances of job. But it is generally seen that very few people are interested in higher education as investing in higher education yield long term benefits. Many universities conduct their own admission test but the most common exam for MTech admission is Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE) examination.

      Many students go for a M.S. degree from a foreign university. To do M.S. you must clear TOEFL/IELTS (English proficiency tests) and GRE to get scholarships. Now a day most of the foreign universities are offering post graduate courses at affordable costs and also many banks provide loans for higher studies.

      3. Doing MBA

      Many students want to do an MBA after completion of their engineering course. An MBA degree after engineering is considered rewarding in terms of salary. Engineers with good technical skills get bored in a few years, doing the same stuff, and without a management exposure, they may be stuck in a groove. A degree in MBA gives you more exposure and helps you earning more in very less time. Also, it happens that most engineering students come from Tier 2 and Tier 3 colleges and an MBA degree from renowned institute in India/abroad can add much to their resume.

      In India IIMs are considered as the most prestigious business schools. They take admission through Common Admission Test (CAT) which is conducted by IIMs.

      The result of CAT 2016 shows that it is dominated by engineers. In CAT 2016 as many as 20 candidates have scored overall 100 percentile in the Common Admission Test (CAT) and all the 20 candidates were engineers. So doing an MBA from a prestigious engineering college is always good.

      4. Preparing for Civil Services

      Every Indian at a sooner or later stage in his life dreams to be an IAS officer because this is most prestigious job and carries with it a lot of responsibility. It is the backbone of India. Although corporate jobs may offer the best of salaries and perks, a majority of engineering aspirants still crave entry to the prestigious Indian Civil Services held by the UPSC.

      According to the 65th Annual Report of the Union Public Service Commission, in Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) more than half of the candidate qualifying exam comprise of engineers.

      5. Entrepreneurship

      This is the best option for you when you have unique business idea and you have also money to invest in your business. Entrepreneurship is the most new thing everyone is doing and you should also do it too. But do not get carried away by the idea of becoming popular and rich in very less time. It may happen but do consider this as learning opportunity.

      Many who do not have wealthy family background should join some job so that they can earn money to invest and gather experience about how things work in corporate world. Do not start a start up just to impress someone or to be rich in very less time. Every action requires an appropriate time to give result. Give time to your action.


      There is lot of career opportunity available after engineering. All you need is to harness your talent and find a suitable job. Always stay connected with your seniors and friends because they can provide you a breakthrough to pursue your dream job.

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    3. This answer was edited.

      The exact number of candies in this jar cannot be determined by looking at it, because most of the candies are not visible. The amount can be estimated by presuming that the portion of the jar that cannot be seen contains an amount equivalent to the amount contained in the same volume for the portion that can be seen. Estimation (or estimating) is the process of finding an estimate, or approximation, which is a value that is usable for some purpose even if input data may be incomplete, uncertain, or unstable. The value is nonetheless usable because it is derived from the best information available. Typically, estimation involves “using the value of a statistic derived from a sample to estimate the value of a corresponding population parameter”. The sample provides information that can be projected, through various formal or informal processes, to determine a range most likely to describe the missing information. An estimate that turns out to be incorrect will be an overestimate if the estimate exceeded the actual result, and an underestimate if the estimate fell short of the actual result.(Contrast with prediction.)

      You can try some of the following best books for understanding more.

      In India B.N.DUTTA,B.N SURESH and CHAKRABARTHY are Indian authors book highly followed.

      These are some of the best books for Estimating and Costing :-

      1. Quantity Surveyor’s Pocket Book – By Duncan Cartlidge

      The second edition of the Quantity Surveyor’s Pocket Book is fully updated in line with NRM1, NRM2 and JCT(11), and remains a must-have guide for students and qualified practitioners. Its focussed coverage of the data, techniques, and skills essential to the quantity surveying role make it an invaluable companion for everything from initial cost advice to the final account stage

      2. Estimator’s General Construction Man-Hour Manual -By John.S Page

      This manual provides the reader with an accurate and convenient method for estimating direct labor for general contrsuction work for any given system, plant, or location. Though this book, the reader has a reliable process of obtaining and streamlining an efficent model of operation.

      3. Estimating and Costing (For the course of construction technology) – By B.N. Suresh

      Estimating and Costing by B.N. Suresh is a useful book for academic level quantity surveying readers. The book has been written for a technical institute syllabus in India. Book covers all the chapters as a foundation course of estimating and costing such as measurement of material and works, Types of Estimations Estimating for different components of building and Rates analysis for construction Projects. Every subject is carefully described and mostly chapters are covered with detail examples by drawings and estimation sheets. A really beneficial guide for beginners level students of Estimating and Costing.

      4. Estimating and Tendering For Construction Work – By Martin Brook

      The new and updated edition of a well-established textbook addresses each of these developments in turn, placing them firmly in the context of a thorough and easy to understand introduction to the roles of the estimator in preparing and winning tenders.

      5. Estimation,Costing and Valuation – By S.C. Rangwala

      One of the best books of estimation, costing and valuation by s.c.rangwala he has provided accurate and convenient method for estimating.

      This Link is very useful to download free books for estimating and costing subject.



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    4. You can try this collections


      There are lots of books available in this collections for hydrology and water resources engineering subject.

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    5. You can Check this Link for Larsen & Turbo Limited (L&T) announces Build India Scholarship 2019


      Larsen & Turbo Limited (L&T) announces Build India Scholarship 2019 for engineering graduates interested in pursuing M.Tech in Construction Technology in IIT Delhi, Madras and NIIT (Surathkal, Trichy) and developing themselves as Project Managers L&T Build India Scholarship 2019. L&T Build India Scholarship Notification 2019 has been announced The scholarship reinforces L&T Construction’s keenness to enhance industry-academic interface The 24-month course will commence from July 2019.

      L&T Construction, in the business of building landmarks, sponsors you to pursue M.Tech in Construction Technology & Management through L&T’s Build-India Scholarship scheme. The 24-month course that starts in July 2019 will be an ideal opportunity to build your career with us in Project Management & Execution.

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    6. The heat-affected zone (HAZ) is the area of base material, either a metal or a thermoplastic, which is not melted but has had its microstructure and properties altered by welding or heat intensive cutting operations.
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    7. A degree is traditionally divided into 60 parts called “minutes”, each minute is divided into 60 parts called “seconds”. To distinguish from the time units, which are of course unrelated, you can also call those divisions arc-minutes, and arc-seconds. It is, however, also quite common to just specificy fractions of a degree in decimals, as in, the Earth’s axis is tilted about 23.5 degrees.
      And we can also say this in Mathematical terms that:
      1 degree=60 minutes
      We also know that :
      1 minute=60 seconds
      it means:
      1 degree = (60*60)=3600 seconds
      It means that minutes are the smaller unit for measurements of angle in “D.M.S system” than the degree and seconds are definitely even smaller than minutes.
      D.M.S system = Degree, minutes and seconds system

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    8. A generating station generates 3 phase power. In case of star, there is more line voltage (3^(0.5) times phase voltage) compared to delta with line voltage equal to phase voltage. More voltage means lower current for same power. Lower current means lower heat losses (I^2*R losses) in armature of alternator and also in transmission. Hence star is preferred over delta for generators. In case of motors, more phase voltage means more torque. So 3 phase motors are generally connected in delta as there is more phase voltage.

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